Locust outbreak in India
This is the tough time for the nation, as already we are fighting a battle with Covid19 pandemic and along with that a swarm of locusts is spreading the country. The locust outbreak started from Eastern countries. The main reason behind this locust migration is the global warming due to which the water in the Indian Ocean became more warmer and this triggered heavy rains in Africa and Arabian countries. These climatic conditions are favorable for the breeding of locusts. They started moving from Iran, Iraq, Pakistan and then entered India through Rajasthan during different multiple breeding cycles as they became more fertile due to excessive rains.
After entering India through Rajasthan, now they have entered into Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. The main risk from these locusts is the crop damage which can create a situation of famishment for the country and heavy losses to the farmers. In the past three decades, it is the worst locust plague.
Advisories from different states have been issued in order to control these locusts. Delhi government has listed in the advisory that we need to take certain measures to ensure that locusts should not be allowed to rest, else they will destroy the crops. Many awareness campaigns have been started for the general public and farmers regarding the locust outbreak in the country. Locusts generally travel in day time and take rest at night. Therefore, efforts are made that they should not rest at night, they need to keep traveling so that the crop damage can be controlled. Also a list of four chemicals has been issued Melathion 50% EC, Melathion 25% WP, Chloropyriphos 20% EC and Chloropyriphos 50% EC which should be diluted with water and spray in the crops to control the pests.
In Uttar Pradesh, some areas of Jhansi and Sonbhadra have been affected by the locusts where insecticide is sprayed by the fire brigade vehicles and overnight operations were carried by the authorities. An advisory is issued in which it is mentioned that if there is a locust attack then people should gather and band drums, dhols, thaalis, etc and make a loud noise.
In Punjab, alert has been announced and farmers have been asked to report if they find any locust activity. Also the government has allocated Rs. 1 crore for the locust control. Sprays will be done in the areas specially near the borders of Rajasthan and Pakistan.
This is the crucial time for the country to fight with locust outbreaks and coronavirus pandemic. Hope it will be resolved soon!